The majority of these crimes are never reported. Power-based personal violence is a serious public health issue affecting college students nationwide. Addressing power-based personal violence requires campus-wide recognition of the serious impact these acts of violence have. Compiled here are resources to help address power-based personal violence with trauma-informed prevention, responses, and support services.
11.2% of all students nationwide experience rape or sexual assault through physical force, violence, or incapacitation (among all graduate and undergraduate students)
Among graduate and professional students, 8.8% of females and 2.2% of males experience rape or sexual assault through physical force, violence, or incapacitation
Among undergraduate students, 23.1% of females and 5.4% of males experience rape or sexual assaultthrough physical force, violence, or incapacitation
Among college women,9 out of 10victims of sexual assault knew the person who sexually assaulted them
27% of college women have experienced some form of unwanted sexual contact
4.2% of students have experienced stalking since entering college
Nearly two-thirds of college students experience sexual harassment, and less than 10% of these students tell a college or university employee
22% of Missouri college students report experiencing non-consensual sexual contact in their lifetime and 7% report experiencing non-consensual sexual contact in the past year
35% of Missouri college students indicate that the non-consensual sexual contact occurred while attending their current college or university
When asked where the non-consensual sexual contact occurred, respondents reported:
|Off-campus||On-campus (non-university)||During break||Off-campus (univeristy-related)||Study abroad||PNR|
8% of students report being stalked in the past year and 1% perferred not to respond
In the past year, 14% of Missouri college students report experiencing abuse in a relationship. Missouri college students report experiencing the following abusive behaviors in intimate relationships*:
|Psychologically abusive||Verbally abusive||Sexually abusive||Physically abusive||Financially abusive|
21% of TGQN (transgender, genderqueer, nonconforming) college students have been sexually assaulted, compared to 18% of non-TGQN females, and 4% of non-TGQN males
Individuals who identify as bisexual experience higher rates of sexual violence than their heterosexual or gay/lesbian peers (74.9% of bisexual women and 47.4% of bisexual men compared to 43.3% and 20.8% of heterosexual women and men, respectively, and 46.4% of lesbians, and 40.2% of gay men)
More than 50% of college sexual assaults occur in either August, September, October, or November
Students are at an increased risk during the first few months of their first and second semesters in college
Only 20% of female student victims, age 18-24, report to law enforcement
81% of women and 35% of men report significant short-term or long-term impacts such as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Click on a brief below for more information.
The CDC has comprehensive guides on Sexual Violence on Campus: Strategies for Prevention and their newest resource is Stop SV: A Technical Package to Prevent Sexual Violence
The NCAA released a document on Sexual Violence Prevention: An Athletics Tool Kit for a Healthy and Safe Culture
Bystander Intervention Programs
Healthy Relationship Programs
Men’s Work in Prevention
Please click the title of each resource to read a description and learn more details.
National Sexual Misconduct Campus Climate Survey
Department of Justice Special Report: Campus Law Enforcement, 2011-12
The Role of Alcohol Policies in Preventing Intimate Partner Violence: A Review of the Literature
The Obama Administration today announced publication of the final rule implementing changes made to the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act (Clery Act) by the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 (VAWA). That law and the new rule strengthen the Clery Act to more effectively address, and ultimately reduce, sexual violence on college campuses, including, domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking.
Although the final rule will not go into effect on July 1, 2015, the Department reminded institutions that the VAWA statutory provisions are in effect now and institutions are expected to make a good faith effort to comply with those requirements.
- Senator Claire McCaskill (D-Mo.) released the anticipated results of her campus sexual assault survey in a report titled, “Sexual Violence on Campus: How Too Many Institutions of Higher Education are Failing to Protect Students.” http://www.mccaskill.senate.gov/SurveyReportwithAppendix.pdf
After surveying a national sample of 440 four-year institutions of higher education, Sen. McCaskill has detailed a number of shortcomings she believes “affect nearly every stage of the institutions’ responses to sexual violence” and demonstrate that “many institutions are failing to comply with the law and best practices in how they handle sexual violence among students.”The following points are highlighted in the report’s executive summary as key findings from the survey:
Important note: The appendix of the report includes a detailed breakdown of every survey question, which includes how the respondents answered according to institutional type (large, small, public, private, NCAA division, etc.).
- Lack of Knowledge About the Scope of the Problem.
- Failure to Encourage Reporting of Sexual Violence.
- Lack of Adequate Sexual Assault Training.
- Reported Sexual Violence Goes Uninvestigated.
- Lack of Adequate Services for Survivors.
- Lack of Trained, Coordinated Law Enforcement.
- Adjudication Fails to Comply with Requirements and Best Practices.
- Lack of Coordinated Oversight.